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Sunday, June 13, 2004


Today is Sunday, June 13th.

The 165th day of 2004.

There are 201 days left in the year.


Today's Highlight in History:

On June 13, 1966, the Supreme Court issued its landmark "Miranda" (Miranda vs. Arizona) decision, ruling that criminal suspects had to be informed of their constitutional rights prior to questioning by police.


On this date:

In 323 B.C.E., Alexander The Great died at the age 32 in Babylon of a fever. Since his birth on September 20 356 B.C.E. he had conquered the entire known world.

In 1888, Congress created the Department of Labor.

In 1890, The Supreme Council of the Mystic Order of Veiled Prophets of the Enchanted Realm (Freemasons) is instituted.

In 1898, The Yukon Territory of Canada is organized, Dawson is chosen as the capital.

In 1900, China's Boxer Rebellion, by supporters of the Society of Harmonious Fists, in opposition to the growth of European influence, targeted foreigners, as well as Chinese Christians, and erupted into full-scale violence.

In 1912, Captain Albert Berry made the first successful parachute jump from an airplane in Jefferson, Mississippi.

In 1920, The U.S. Post Office Department ruled that children may not be sent by parcel post.

In 1927, Aviation hero Charles Lindbergh was honored with a ticker-tape parade in New York City.

In 1933, The first sodium vapor street lamps were installed in Schenectady NY.

In 1942, President Roosevelt created the Office of War Information, and appointed radio news commentator Elmer Davis to be its head.

In 1942, The Office of Strategic Services (OSS, forerunner of the CIA) is created.

In 1944, Nazi Germany launched 10 of its new "V1" (Fieseler Fi-103) rockets against Britain from a position near the Channel coast. Of the 10 rockets only 5 landed in Britain and only one managed to kill 6 people in London.

In 1944, Marvin Camras patented the wire recorder.

In 1951 U.N. troops seized Pyongyang, North Korea.

In 1956, The U.S. Army gets its first official flag.

In 1963, The USSR launched Vostok . It is piloted by cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, the first human female in space.

In 1967, President Johnson nominated Solicitor-General Thurgood Marshall to become the first black justice on the U-S Supreme Court.

In 1971, The New York Times publishes the Pentagon Papers, an internal government report on the Vietnam War that had been leaked by Daniel Ellsberg, a former Defense Department official.

In 1977, James Earl Ray, the convicted assassin of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Junior, was recaptured following his escape three days earlier from a Tennessee prison.

In 1979, Sioux Indians were awarded $105 million in compensation for the U.S. seizure in 1877 of their Black Hills in South Dakota.

In 1982, Prince Fahd becomes king of Saudi Arabia when King Khalid dies at 69

In 1983, The U-S space probe "Pioneer Ten," launched in 1972, became the first human made object to leave the solar system as it crossed the orbit of Neptune.

In 1993, Canada's Progressive Conservative Party chose Defense Minister Kim Campbell to succeed Brian Mulroney as prime minister; she was the first woman to hold the post.

In 2000, In Pyongyang, North Korea's leader Kim Jong Il welcomed South Korea's President Kim Dae for a three-day summit. It was the first such meeting between the leaders of North and South Korea.

Ten years ago (1994):

Nicole Brown Simpson, the ex-wife of athlete-turned-actor O.J. Simpson, and her friend, Ron Goldman, were found stabbed to death outside her condominium in the Brentwood section of Los Angeles. Simpson was questioned for several hours by Los Angeles police following the slashing deaths. Simpson initially cooperates with police but later flees. Simpson would be charged with the murders, but acquitted in Oct. 1995 following a long and highly publicized criminal trial. However, a civil court jury later would find him liable in the deaths and ordered him to pay more than $35 million to the estates of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman.

Five years ago (1999):

NATO soldiers shot dead two armed men as peacekeepers tried to contain new violence in Kosovo; Russian troops, meanwhile, blocked British troops from entering the airport in Pristina, the capital of Kosovo.

One year ago (2003):

U-S forces killed 27 Iraqi fighters after the Iraqis attacked an American tank patrol north of Baghdad.

Israel broadened its campaign against Palestinian militants, saying it would strike political as well as military leaders who targeted Israel with terrorism.

Hundreds of pro-cleric militants and security forces in Tehran clashed with Iranians throughout the capital.


Today's Birthdays:

TV host Ralph Edwards is 91.

Singer Bobby Freeman is 64.

Actor Malcolm McDowell is 61.

Singer Dennis Locorriere (Dr. Hook) is 55.

Actor Richard Thomas is 53.

Actor Jonathan Hogan is 53.

Actor Stellan Skarsgard is 53.

Comedian Tim Allen (Timothy Allen Dick) is 51.

Actress Alexandra Elizabeth "Ally" Sheedy is 42.

"The Early Show" co-host Hannah Storm is 42.

Rock musician Paul deLisle (Smash Mouth) is 41.

Singer David Gray is 36.

Rhythm-and-blues singer Deniece Pearson (Five Star) is 36.

Rock musician Soren Rasted (Aqua) is 35.

Actor Jamie Walters is 35.

Singer-musician Rivers Cuomo (Weezer) is 34.

Actor Steve-O ("Jackass") is 30.

Actor Ethan Embry is 26.

Actress Sarah Schaub is 21.

Singer Raz B is 19.

Actress Kat Dennings is 18.

Actress Ashley Fuller Olsen is 18.

Actress Mary-Kate Olsen is 18.


Thought for Today:

"Of all forms of caution, caution in love is perhaps the most fatal to true happiness." -

- Bertrand Russell, English mathematician and philosopher (1872-1970).


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