There are 83 days left in the year.
Today's Highlight in History:
- Fifty years ago, on Oct. 9, 1958, Pope Pius XII died at age 82, ending a 19-year papacy. (He was succeeded by Pope John XXIII.)
On this date:
- In 1446, the Korean alphabet, created under the aegis of King Sejong, was first published.
- In 1701, the Collegiate School of Connecticut — later Yale University — was chartered.
- In 1776, a group of Spanish missionaries settled in present-day San Francisco.
- In 1888, the public was first admitted to the Washington Monument.
- In 1919, the Cincinnati Reds won the World Series, defeating the Chicago White Sox 10-5 at Comiskey Park. (The victory turned hollow amid charges eight of the White Sox had thrown the Series in what became known as the "Black Sox" scandal.)
- In 1930, Laura Ingalls became the first woman to fly across the United States as she completed a nine-stop journey from Roosevelt Field, N.Y., to Glendale, Calif.
- In 1946, the Eugene O'Neill drama "The Iceman Cometh" opened at the Martin Beck Theater in New York.
- In 1967, Latin American guerrilla leader Che Guevara was executed while attempting to incite revolution in Bolivia.
- In 1968, the new military government of Peru seized the country's oil fields.
- In 1975, Soviet scientist Andrei Sakharov was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
Ten years ago:
- Ariel Sharon returned to the center of power in Israel as the country's new foreign minister.
Five years ago:
- A suicide car bombing at a Baghdad police station killed eight people; Spanish military attache Jose Antonio Bernal Gomez was shot to death in Baghdad.
One year ago:
- Republican presidential hopefuls Mitt Romney and Rudy Giuliani clashed over tax and spending cuts, each claiming greater commitment than the other in a debate in Dearborn, Mich.
- Two Armenian Christian women were shot to death in Baghdad by security contractors working for Australian-owned Unity Resources Group.
- France's Albert Fert and German Peter Gruenberg won the 2007 Nobel Prize in physics for a discovery that lets computers, iPods and other digital devices store reams of data on ever-shrinking hard disks.
- Actress Carol Bruce died in Woodland Hills, Calif., at age 87.
- Actor Fyvush Finkel is 86.
- Former Sen. Trent Lott, R-Miss., is 67.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Nona Hendryx is 64.
- Singer Jackson Browne is 60.
- Actor Gary Frank is 58.
- Actor Richard Chaves is 57.
- Actor Robert Wuhl is 57.
- Actress-TV personality Sharon Osbourne is 56.
- Actor Tony Shalhoub is 55.
- Actor Scott Bakula is 54.
- Musician James Fearnley (The Pogues) is 54.
- Actor John O'Hurley is 54.
- Actor Michael Pare is 50.
- Jazz musician Kenny Garrett is 48.
- Rock singer-musician Kurt Neumann (The BoDeans) is 47.
- Country singer Gary Bennett is 44.
- Movie director Guillermo del Toro is 44.
- Singer P.J. Harvey is 39.
- Golfer Annika Sorenstam is 38.
- Country singer Tommy Shane Steiner is 35.
- Actor Steve Burns is 35.
- Sean Lennon is 33.
- Actor Randy Spelling is 30.
- Actor Brandon Routh is 29.
- Actor Zachery Ty Bryan is 27.
- Actor Tyler James Williams ("Everybody Hates Chris") is 16.
Thought for Today:
"All generalizations are dangerous, even this one."
Attributed to Alexandre Dumas, fils, French author (1824-1895).
"Let's all be careful out there!"